2023-10-13 518 179

Assessment of Antibiotics Prescribing Patterns at the Outpatient Department of a Specialized Children Hospital in Sri Lanka: Using WHO Recommended Prescribing Indicators

Kanchana Tanika, Bannayakage Buddhika Gayanthi , Geethika Udeshini Athugala , Thennakoon Mudiyanselage Dilshika Udayanthi Jayasooriya , Gannile Gedara Anushka Lakshani Bandara , Thenuri Malsha Madanayaka , Shashikala Sandakumari , Karagoda Pathiranage Anusha Sewwandi , Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu
Year: 2023 Volume: 04

  • Introduction: "Essential Medicines List," was released by the World Health Organization (WHO) and contains medications including some antibiotics that are considered the most effective and secure ways to fulfil the best patient management. Despite the establishment of standard metrics by the WHO to govern pharmaceutical utilization, irrational prescription is common, particularly in developing countries.

  • Objective: To assess the antibiotics prescribing patterns at the Outpatient Department of Sirimawo Bandaranayake Specialized Children Hospital in Sri Lanka using WHO prescribing indicators.

  • Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 375 pediatric patients’ prescription notes aged 1 to 14 years using a data extraction sheet from prescription notes and prescription registration books. The extraction details included the generic name of the drug, number of drugs recommended, presence of antibiotics and mode of administration.
Results: The majority of the encounters (52.8%, n=198) included male pediatric patients. The average number of medications administered per encounter was 3, with 6 medications being the highest. In the outpatient department, 46.9% (n=176) of the encounters contained antibiotics while none of the prescriptions contained injectable medications. The majority of the prescriptions (53.6%, n=201) contained drugs that were not from the essential medicines list while 50.1% (n=188) contained medications prescribed using the trade name. 
Conclusion: In conclusion, polypharmacy, and antibiotics which were not from the essential medicines list were prominent among the prescription sheets issued to pediatric patients.
 

Keywords
Antibiotics , Pediatrics , WHO prescribing indicators-group 1

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